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Economics of Preclearance: Literature Review, Discussion, and Proposed Measurement Methodologies

Public Safety Canada

CPCS reviewed international literature on economic and social impacts of pre-clearance and pre-inspection operations that could apply to the Canadian economy; compared similar arrangements in other countries; identified possible economic and social benefits of pre-clearance and pre-inspection not well covered in the literature; and proposed methodologies to measure the economic and other benefits to Canada of establishing pre-clearance on either side of the Canada–U.S. border.